Lymphnode excision for biopsy - Enlarged Lymph node


A lymph node biopsy removes lymph node tissue for the investigation under a microscope for signs of infection or a disease, such as cancer. Other tests, including a culture, genetic tests, or tests to study the body's immune system may also be used to check the lymph tissue sample. Lymph node biopsy is the best test to determine lymphoma of the lymph node. The investigations in the laboratory are used to determine the cause of lymph node enlargement. It may also determine whether tumors in the lymph node are cancerous or noncancerous.

The various methods of lymph node biopsy include;.
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy: A thin needle is inserted into a lymph node and removes a sample of cells.

Core needle biopsy: A needle with a special tip and removes a sample of tissue about the size of a grain of rice.

Open (surgical) biopsy: An open biopsy consists of surgically removing all or part of a node. A small cut is made in the skin and remove a lymph node. If more than one lymph node is taken, the biopsy is called a lymph node dissection. The sample is then sent to pathology.

Esophagoscopy with biopsy - To view Oesophaous for suspected growth


Surgery is the treatment of choice when esophageal cancer is seen solely in the esophagus and has not spread. The goal of surgery is to remove the cancer. Oesophageal cancer usually cause dysphagia, pain and other symptoms, and are diagnosed with biopsy. Taking biopsy samples from several different areas in the lower part of the esophagus may detect early Barrett esophagus. This procedure may be used for patients who have risk factors for Barrett esophagus.

Rigid esophagoscopy is commonly used by otolaryngologists and is an established method for evaluation and treatment of esophageal disorders. Conventional flexible esophagoscopy passed transorally which provide a magnified view, suction, irrigation, and biopsy ports. Flexible esophagoscopes with improved diameter and with digital video chip technology provide a quality image and include the ability to suction, irrigate and biopsy.

There are rare but serious side effects associated with esophagoscopy and biopsy. These include the following: a small puncture in the esophagus, problems with breathing, heart attack, passage of food, water, stomach acid, or vomit into the airway, severe bleeding.

Dectection / Biopsy and Removal of growth in Larynx & Trachea


Treatment of cancer of the larynx depends on the location and size of the tumor as well as the age and health of the patient. Cancer of the larynx is usually treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy can also be used for cancers that have spread.

Laryngectomy: Laryngectomy is surgery to remove the larynx (voice box) in your throat and separation of the airway from the mouth, nose and esophagus. In partial laryngectomy a part of the larynx may be removed. The individual breathes through an opening in the neck, a stoma. This procedure is usually performed in cases of laryngeal cancer. Laryngectomy is performed when the conventional treatments fail to conserve the larynx or there is sufficient destruction by the cancer that would prevent normal function.. Laryngectomy is also performed on individuals with other head and neck cancer or severe swallowing problems. In Total Laryngectomy larynx is completely removed. Total laryngectomy is major surgery that is done in the hospital. In addition to treat cancer of the larynx it is also used to treat severe trauma or radiation necrosis i.e. damage of larynx from radiation therapy.
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