Lobectomy - Thyroid Lobe Removal


The thyroidectomy procedure involves the removal of one-half (thyroid lobectomy or hemi-thyroidectomy) or complete removal of thyroid gland (total thyroidectomy) to establish with certainty whether a goiter or nodule is cancer or not. Thyroid gland removal in enlarged thyroid gland can relieve compression of nearby structures and improve symptoms in patients with related difficulty swallowing, cough, or shortness of breath. Thyroid gland surgery can also cure certain forms of thyroid gland disorders associated with goiter or nodules. Thyroidectomy surgery is best option for people with large multinodular goiters, particularly when the goiters constrict airways, the esophagus or blood vessels. Nodules diagnosed as suspicious by a biopsy also need surgical removal, so they can be examined more thoroughly for signs of thyroid gland cancer.

Temporal lobectomy is the removal of the portion of the temporal lobe of the brain. It is the most common type of lobectomy surgery for epilepsies. Postoperative amnesia may occur after unilateral lobectomy procedure. The risk would be highest for patients undergoing left temporal lobectomy.

Salivary gland removal


Salivary gland treatment varies depending on the disorder. Drinking a lot of water, use of sugar-free lemon drops to increase the flow of saliva, and massaging the gland with heat may help with infections and stones.

Antibiotics are used for bacterial infections.

Salivary gland surgery using endoscopes, lithotripsy may be needed for stones.
Treatment for viral infections relieves symptoms through rest, drinking fluids to prevent dehydration, taking acetaminophen to relieve pain and fever.
Medication to stimulate more saliva secretion is used in Sjogren's syndrome. Sialadenitis treatment includes: Drinking fluids or antibiotics, warm compresses on the infected gland.

Surgery can be done to drain the blocked gland.

A small cyst may drain on its own without treatment. Salivary gland removal is done for larger cysts, noncancerous tumors can be removed using traditional surgery or laser surgery. In some cases, radiation treatments and chemotherapy are given after surgery to prevent the recurrence. Parotidectomy is the removal of the parotid gland, the largest salivary gland. The parotid is usually removed because of a tumor, a chronic infection, or a blocked saliva gland. Most parotid gland tumors are not cancerous.
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